There are following major sources of water and soil pollutions in all industrial ares:
- Contamination of groundwater and soil with motor oil.
- Heating oil is spillt. This lead to a heavy contamination of the groundwater.
- Failures of old technical systems of plants result in contamination of soil
- A runoff of chemical preservatives (oil, oil tar, chromated copper salt) gives rise to soil and groundwater contamination.
oil tanker disaster: November 2002. The oil tanker Prestige, which was
carrying more than 77,000 metric tonnes (20.5 million gallons) of oil, split in two and sank near the northwest coast of Spain,
threatening a major ecological disaster. Spain's leading newspaper, El Pais, said that "Once-sparkling beaches are now smeared
with sticky seaweed and glistening black rocks. A sharp smell of petroleum hangs in the air." ( November 22, 2002). It took some 60,000 tons of viscous fuel oil to the bottom of the Atlantic when
it finally broke up, priming an ecological time-bomb for the scenic shores of Galicia. Already blackened by a first spill
over the past week, they face what may be one of the world's worst-ever incidents of oil pollution. Anxiety ran high in Galicia
because it could potentially release twice as much oil as the Exxon Valdez did in Alaska in 1989, creating a benchmark
for environmental disaster. Fishing Industry Threatened. Portuguese and French alarmed.
It was the second oil tanker disaster off Europe's Atlantic coast in three years; in December 1999 the tanker Erika
split in two, polluting large sections of the French coastline. Single-hulled tankers like the Prestige have been
outlawed after a history of pollution incidents - but the ban will take effect only in 2015.
THE FIRST DISCOVERY:
Bacteria fed by hydrocarbons may be the salvation of some beaches coated with
crude oil. Experiments done on oil left stranded on beaches. A success in consuming
oil offered the hope of getting any of oiled beaches truly clean. Experimental
plots that were treated with organic fertilizer stand out in marked contrast to the lightly to moderately oiled beach that
surrounds them. Videotapes of the plots show onceoily rocks glowing white in the midst of a glistening, oily beach.said. Within
two weeks, it really cleaned the oil off the rock. It looked like someone brought in new rock.
Most other cleaning
methods now being used including beachsterilizing sprays of hot water leave rocks coated with an even layer of oil that causes
water to bead. Water doesn't bead on the bacteria cleansed rocks, Costa said.
- Bacteria populations on the fertilized rocks have mushroomed, and bacteria appear to be working themselves down a
foot deep into gravel and cobble beaches to get at oil.
- Some sorts of bacteria have the ability to become oil eaters, but making the shift from eating other complex organic
molecules to eating hydrocarbons can take considerable time. These bacteria will attack the oil even without man's help, but
they can do a lot better with assistance.
These bacteria are something like growing children on a diet high in nutrition but low in vitamins.
They need to be given the vitamins to help them grow big and strong.
HUMIC SUBSTANCES HELP OILEATING BACTERIA
TO GROW BETTER:
- Himic substances can provide food
for zillions of bacteria that provide the base for a huge food chain.
Some bacteria (author`s intellectual property) have been reported to reduce humic acids and low-molecular-weight
hydrocarbons. Due to the rapid chemical reaction of amorphous ferric iron with the reduced reaction products, humic
acids and low-molecular-weight redox mediators may play an important role in biological reduction of
many organic products.
The bacteria attack the hydrocarbons to get at the carbon tied up in their complex molecules. In the
process of consuming that carbon, the bacteria break down toxic hydrocarbon molecules into water and carbon dioxide.
-Bacteria populations on those beaches have reached levels 100 times higher than
on nonfertilized beaches.
- Bacteria almost immediately begin attacking millions
gallons of crude oil. I believe these bacteria simply switched from a diet of
humic to the new, larger source of carbon.
Enter humate fertilizer: One is a longlasting,
watersoluble fertilizer that sinks down into gravels and cobbles to help bacteria there. The other bonds to surface oil.
Task 1: To test two types of humate- bacterial fertilizers.
The only major restriction
on the use of these fertilizers is a ban on spraying in protected bays. Adding nitrogen and phosphorous nutrients to poorly
flushed bays could lead to algae blooms.
Biodegradation is dependent on more than just available food and fertilizer. It also requires agitation
to make sure the bacteria, the fertilizer and the food are thoroughly mixed. Where bacteria is used commercially, such as
in the making of beer, vats are stirred.
Whether other beaches have enough agitation remains to be seen. Bacteria can't break down the oil unless
they can get at it. It is important rototilling old beach oil in some places to expose it to bacteriological degradation.
While bacteria can help, some types of oil thick oil, foamy oil, tar balls or asphalt are immune to
- Some kinds of oil will resist all degradation, and there's some residue.
Task 2: It is necessary to do some test to find an answer how to ajust bacteria with
using "humate diet" to consume all oil products.
The author possess
the intellectual property and formulas of humic-oileating bacterial agent which can help quickly and efficiently remove oil
contaminations of water and soil without any negative impact to the nature. This agent is 100% natural and does not have any
negative impact or detrimental effect on the environment.
To test new commercial product: Humic-Oileating Bacterial Agent (HOBA)and offer it to numerous ecological governmental and